10 Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria

Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria  –  Nigeria is faced with numerous problems which militate against the development of agriculture. Some of the problems are:

1. Problem of Land Tenure: Land is one of the most important factors in agricultural production. The land tenure is the way land is owned in a society. The prevailing land tenure systems in the country often discourage agricultural land utilization. Land is owned by inheritance hence land is fragmented over generations. Increase in population has increased the various alternatives to which land can be put. This further puts pressure on all the available land.


Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

2. Problems of Basic Amenities: Basic amenities like electricity cinema, standard schools, good and functioning health centers, recreational parks for relaxation, good roads, telephone, television viewing centers etc, are lacking in the rural areas. This often leads to the following:

a) Rural-Urban drifts, that is, people leaving the village for jobs in the city.

b) Reduction in the working population in the village.
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

c) Low agricultural production.

3. Problems of Finance or Poor Financing: Most agricultural activities in the developing countries are subsistent in nature, hence the farmers: (i) are very poor (ii) cannot secure the necessary collateral for loans (iii) cannot have access to enough credit facilities. (iv) Cannot pay the high interest rates on loans either from financial institutions or money lenders. (v) Cannot procure the most sophisticated machines. (vi) Cannot employ agricultural specialists whose salaries and wages are far above what the farmers can afford.
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

4. Poor Transportation: This includes

(i) Bad roads (ii) Inadequate vehicles (iii) Vehicles lack spare parts (iv) High cost of bringing the farm products from rural areas to urban centers (v) Lack of transportation which increases the activities of middlemen in the movement of agricultural products from the farm to the urban centers where they are consumed (vi) Lack of transport facilities which increases perishability of farm crops.
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

5. Poor Communication: This includes lack of good radio, television, telephone, telex, fax machines for quick messages and assessment of latest discoveries in the agricultural sector. This makes the professional agriculturists to be unaware of recent developments in his filed.
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

6. Problems of Good Storage and Processing Facilities: Storage facilities like silo, rhombus, cribs, barns, rafters are inadequate, thus leading to: (a) Perishability of crops like tomato, pepper, etc. (b) Pests and diseases which attack farm products (c) Farmers fumigating their products. (d) Glut during harvests and famine outside harvest periods. (e) The quality of farm products being reduced. (f) Farm products wasting. Processing facilities like thresher, miller, grater, canning machine and sealing machines are: (i) Very expensive to procure (ii) Highly technical for local farmers to operate (iii) Very difficult and expensive to maintain.

7. Lack of Good Agricultural education: Most of the farmers in the developing countries are not educated enough in the technicalities relating to agricultural product, hence, they are: (i) Dogmatic and adamant to changes (ii) Very superstitious in their beliefs (iii) Very suspicious of any new innovation (iv) Unscientific in mind and thinking (v) Not willing to accept technological changes (vi) Very uncooperative, hostile and unaccommodating (vii) Unwilling to even learn how to use and apply fertilizers, insecticides and new farm tools. All these bring about low agricultural productivity.
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

8. Poor Extension Activities: Extensive helps in disseminating recent information to a large number of people within a very short time. This is not the case in developing countries because:: (i) Extension workers are too ill-equipped for the work. (ii) The period of training is too long. (iii) Language barriers. (iv) Lack of recent research work. (v) The uncooperative attitude of farmers. (vi) Lack of vehicles. (vii) Poor remuneration.
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

9. Poor Tools and Farm Machines: Farmers still rely on the use of tools like hoe, cutlass, rake, etc for their activities, instead of using the mechanized implements like ridges, ploughs, cultivators, etc.

Poor tools can lead to:

(i) Drudgery of the farmer (ii) Time wasting (iii) Short life span of the farmers (iv) Low yield (v) Low farmers income.

While machines are:

(i) Very expensive to procure and maintain (ii) Highly technical to use (iii) Cannot be used in small farm holdings (iv) Cannot be used in some soils. (v) Cannot be used for some crops like yam.
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

10. Unstable Policies and Programmes of Government: Even government comes with different programmes which often tell on the farmers.
Major Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *